Do you feel like you have long working hours as compared to your peers overseas? Well, a report by the International Labour Organisation (ILO) has revealed that Indians are among the most overworked workers globally while earning the lowest minimum statutory wage in the Asia-Pacific region, with the exception of Bangladesh.
India stands at number 5 in the world among countries with long working hours – the hours can be as long as 48 hours a week, if not more.
According to Global Wage Report 2020-21: Wages and Minimum Wages in the Time of COVID-19, only Gambia, Mongolia, Maldives, and Qatar, where a quarter of the population is Indian, have average working hours longer than in India.
The estimates also reveal that an average worker in China works 46 hours a week, 36 hours in the United Kingdom, 37 hours in the United States, and 36 hours in Israel.
Another thing which the study discovered was the minimum statutory wage of an Indian worker is the lowest in the world, with the exception of some sub-Saharan African countries.
However, actual wages could be different from the minimum wages across countries, particularly in the case of blue-collar workers, the ILO report observes.
Urban class Indians, both salaried and self-employed, work longer than those in the rural parts of the country. Across genders, men work longer than women in both villages and urban areas. In urban areas, self-employed men work for 55 hours per week; women work 39 hours.
Salaried employees and regular wage-earning men work for 53 hours a week, while women work for 46 hours. In the case of casual labor, urban men spend 45 hours a week working, while women work for 38 hours.
In rural areas, self-employed men work 48 hours whereas women spend 37 hours working in a week. In the case of a regular wage and salaried employees, rural men work for 52 hours a week, while women work for 44 hours. As for casual labor, rural men work for 45 hours per week, and women spend 39 hours working.